Despre puritatea limbii … engleze

Există filologi români care protestează contra împrumutării de cuvinte din limba engleză. Iată însă cum stă situația cu limba engleză.


The most common written word in English is “the.”

English words today come from a variety of languages, originating from Greek, French, Latin, and many others. But perhaps the most important of them all is German, whose words form the backbone of English. That’s why English is considered a Germanic language, as opposed to a Romance language like French (although English also shares a considerable number of similarities with French, thanks to the Normans).

Taking a look at the most commonly written words in English around the world, as compiled by the Oxford English Dictionary, illustrates German’s indelible influence.

At the top of the list of the most common written words is, unsurprisingly, “the,” related to German’s gendered der, die, and das. Germanic function words, such as “and,” “but,” and “that,” pepper the rest of the list. English’s most-written noun (“time”), verb (“be”), and adjective (“good”) are also Germanic in origin.

Today, English borrows liberally for its vocabulary — scholars estimate that words from more than350 languages have entered English — but the roots of its linguistic tree are considered Western Germanic. English-speakers are far from alone: Dutch, Afrikaans, Frisian (spoken in parts of the Netherlands and Germany), Yiddish, and of course German also developed from the sameWest Germanic roots. In total, these tongues are spoken as primary languages by about 450 million people throughout the world.

Categories: Articole de interes general

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